Explore recent and past climate records for your location, and get answers about rainfall, temperature and radiation; and derived variables such as heat sums, stored soil water and soil nitrate accumulation in fallows; as well as El Nino - Southern Oscillation status.

Read about our selection process for including tools on Climate Kelpie.


Who this tool is for

Producers who use weather data, statistics and forecasts together with knowledge about their farming system status (e.g. soil water, heat sum) who want to better manage their business by understanding recent weather and probabilities of future weather events.

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Questions this tool answers

CliMate has 7 tools, which answer questions such as:

  • How often? What is the chance of a sowing event based on amount of rainfall over 5 days? How often is a heat sum achieved in a set period of time? What is the probability of temperature being below a critical level for germination or flowering?
  • How hot–cold? When determining an ideal sowing date, when are heat and cold stresses lowest for the optimum flowing time?
  • Season’s progress? When adjusting inputs during a crop or pasture season, how does the current season compare with previous conditions in terms of rainfall, temperature, heat sum or radiation?
  • How wet? N? How much water and nitrate have I stored over the fallow?
  • How likely? Based on current El Nino - Southern Oscillation (ENSO) conditions, what is the probability that rainfall or temperature is greater than or less than key thresholds (terciles, median) and how reliable have these forecasts been in the past?
  • How’s El Nino? What is the current ENSO status based on key atmospheric and oceanic indicators? What is the Australian Bureau of Meteorology’s interpretation of this?
  • How’s the past? Presents views of monthly and annual rainfall and temperature summaries to allow you to explore relationships and patterns.

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What this tool does

CliMate lets you interrogate climate records (over the last 60 years) to ask questions for your location relating to rainfall, temperature and radiation, and derived variables such as heat sums, soil water and soil nitrate.

It also provides information based on El Nino - Southern Oscillation patterns.

You can use CliMate online, or on your iPhone or iPad.

CliMate has 7 tools:

  • How often?
  • How hot–cold?
  • Season's progress?
  • How wet? N?
  • How likely?
  • How's El Nino?
  • How's the Past?

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Below is a description of the inputs required for the following tools found on Australian CliMate:


How often?

  • a weather variable you want to explore (rainfall, temperature, radiation)
  • a threshold value
  • a sample period.

How hot–cold?

  • location to be assessed
  • a specified date for risk-assessment
  • hot and cold stress threshold temperatures
  • a risk probability.
Season's progress?
  • a weather variable you want to explore (rainfall, average daily temperature, radiation, heat sum)
  • a starting month
  • a duration.
How wet? N?
  • a selected soil type
  • length of fallow period
  • an estimate of soil cover and starting soil moisture.
How likely?
  • a weather variable you want to explore (rainfall, minimum or maximum temperature)
  • a conditional operator (greater than or less than)
  • a target statistic (median or tercile threshold)
  • a duration (months into the future).
How's El Nino?
  • This tool does not require any user-defined inputs.
How's the Past?
  • Select a weather variable you want to explore (rainfall, minimum or maximum temperature, radiation)

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CliMate gives you graphs and charts with accompanying descriptive text. Each tool’s outputs are shown below:

ToolOutputsHow it looks

How often?

  •  probabilities of future rainfall, temperature or radiation events.

How hot–cold?

  • the risk of heat and cold stresses for a specified date
  • the probability of heat and cold stress for each day of the year.

Season's progress?
  •  the current season’s rainfall, average temperature, heat sums and radiation compared to all years from 1949.

How wet? N?
  • plant-available soil water (mm) for the current year, compared to all years since 1949
  • fallow water balance for the current fallow
  • relative nitrate mineralisation for the current year compared to all years since 1949.

How likely?
  • probability of rainfall and temperature forecast for the next 3–6 months
  • estimate of the past skill of the forecast based on sea surface temperatures.

How's El Nino?
  • the current state of the ENSO cycle
  • Bureau of Meteorology current ENSO summary
  • sea surface temperature anomaly map.

How's the Past?
  • monthly and annual rainfall, minimum and maximum temperature, and radiation values
  • ENSO status, as a visual comparison of annual characteristics and the predominant ENSO pattern for the year.

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CliMate sources data from the Queensland Government’s SILO climate database, which is a database of enhanced long-term Bureau of Meteorology data.

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Australian CliMate was developed for the Managing Climate Variability program by RPS Australia East Pty Ltd and DHM Environmental Software Engineering Pty Ltd.

The next question to be added to the tool will be ‘How dry?’, which looks at how likely you are to be facing a drought in the near future (or now), and how current dry conditions compare with previous droughts.

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Support available

Help is available within the app.

You can also email the Australian CliMate team with:

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Where to get it

Australian CliMate is available:

There is no download.

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JRegistry Object
    [data:protected] => stdClass Object
            [pathwaypage] => 1
            [pathwaytype] => 1
            [topic] => Recent weather data and likely climate probabilities for your location (temperature, rainfall, heat sum, nitrate, ENSO)
            [cost] => Free
            [tabledisplayscale] => 0
            [tabledisplaycost] => 0
            [tabledisplaytopic] => 0
            [tablesubpagetitle] => Page


JRegistry Object ( [data:protected] => stdClass Object ( [pathwaypage] => 1 [pathwaytype] => 1 [scale] => [topic] => Recent weather data and likely climate probabilities for your location (temperature, rainfall, heat sum, nitrate, ENSO) [cost] => Free [summary_commodity] => [summary_region] => [tabledisplayscale] => 0 [tabledisplaycost] => 0 [tabledisplaytopic] => 0 [tablesubpagetitle] => Page ) )

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